Akbar, one of the best administrators and the Emperor of the Moghul Empire, commissioned the construction of the grand Agra Fort in 1565. ShahJahan made modifications by pulling down a significant number of the first structures and supplanting them with marble ones.
Aurangzeb, Emperor Akbar’s son, who was in consistent clash with nearby chieftains and neighboring realms, included the external ramparts. The tourist section is accessible through the Amar Singh Gate, which was utilized by General Lake and his armed forces to capture the fort. The principle entryway, the Delhi Gate, is currently shut to public access. A significant part of the fortress is occupied by the army and is beyond the field of play for guests. Nevertheless, the structures accessible to the public depict some superior architectural designs to sight.
The Diwan-I-Am or the Hall of group of onlookers is a pillared lobby whose centerpiece is the throne recess. This marble structure was decorated with precious stones in flower themes, and was worked to house the Peacock Throne. The dazzlingly throne was taken to Delhi by ShahJahan and was seized by Nadir Shah and then sent to Persia.
The Diwan-I-Khas, where the emperor held his general public meetings along with visiting dignitaries, was constructed in 1635. It had two thrones on the patio, one in white marble and one in dark slate. Ruler ShahJahan is accepted to have utilized the marble throne for rest, and the slate throne to watch elephant battles in the patio.
The Khas Mahal, where the emperor rested, had depressions in its level rooftop to protect it from the hot winds of summer.
The Macchi Bhawan, or fish chamber, had wellsprings, tanks and water channels supplied with fish. The rulers and his courtiers entertained themselves by angling in this water pond.
The Nagina Masjid was constructed inherently in marble by ShahJahan to be utilized solely by the ladies of the zenana or collection of mistresses. Underneath it is the Zenana Meena Bazaar where the women could take a gander at products without being seen.
The Sheesh Mahal or Palace of Mirrors, with reflective walls, reflected and improved the lamplights, and was utilized by the ladies for washing.
The Musamman Burj, a two-storey octagonal tower, is said to be the spot from where ShahJahan last saw the Taj Mahal before his demise.
Itmad-ud-daulah, famously known as ‘infant Taj’, is the tomb of Mirza Ghiyath Begh, who was the Wazir or Chief Minister in the court of Emperor Jahangir. He became all the more powerful when the Emperor Jahangir wed his daughter, Nur Jahan. The tomb was commissioned for construction by Nur Jahan and was the primary Moghul building utilizing intricate marble inlay work.
The Jama Masjid was worked by ShahJahan and devoted it to his most loved daughter, Jahanara Begum. It is encompassed by the swarmed bazaar, which is fascinating to meander through by walking.
A kilometer from Itmad-ud-daulah is Chini ka rauza, the sepulcher of Afzal Khan, and the son of Mirza Ghiyath Begh. The tomb gets its name from the coated tiles ‘chini’ on its façade. The Ram Bagh, laid out by Babur in 1528, is said to have been the resting-spot of his body before it was taken away for a last entombment in Kabul.
Akbar’s tomb at Sikandra, which is 10 km from Agra, can be reached to by hiring an auto-rickshaw for the day. The development of the catacomb was started by Akbar himself, and finished in 1613 by his son, Jahangir. As it were, it is a union of the strong manly red sandstone structures worked by Akbar and the carefully made white marble structures of Jahangir and ShahJahan. The passage is through an enormous door that blocks the perspective of the tomb from outside.
The tomb is in the focal point of the charbagh gardens laid out in four quadrants. The tomb is a four-storey structure. The initial three is made in red sandstone and the one on the top is in white marble. Inside, the first roof had frescoes in blue and gold. Some of it has been restored. Around the tomb, you will discover some fascinating demure deer, untamed monkeys, and the endangered blackbuck.