The Mosque within the Taj Mahal Complex
One that adds to the grandeur and wonder of the Taj Mahal is a building that stands on the western side of it - a Mosque made from red sandstone. It fills two needs; firstly, it was compulsory as indicated by the Muslim law for every sepulcher to have a position of worship adjacent to it; second, the mosque and a mirror-image of the mosque (the Taj Guesthouse) that stands on the inverse side of it, together, give an impeccable symmetrical equalization to the design of entire of Taj Mahal.
Utilized for purpose to make petitions to God, the Taj Mahal Mosque confronts the course of the heavenly city of Mecca and is accepted to have been worked on by Isa Mohammad. The outside has one predominant gateway known as an 'Iwan', and on either side of it, are two smaller curves. Three marble covered vaults and four minimal domed stands with marble polish that compensate for the awe inspiring visuals of the mosque - a configuration that is like others worked on by Emperor ShahJahan, particularly on his Masjid-Jahan Numa, or Jama Masjid in Delhi.
The interiors of the Taj Mahal Mosque have an exquisitely planned floor that is comprised of a material that gives off an impression of being velvet red in shade and is fit as a fiddle of plainly characterized petition to God mats – has 569 mats altogether, depicting supplication to Allah. The inner parts of the mosque are recorded with fragile calligraphy referring to the name ‘Allah’ and citations from sacred texts that were taken from Sura 91, The Sun, taken from the blessed book of Quran.
In any case, the fundamental component of the mosque, which differentiates it from the inverse structure of the Guesthouse, is the nearness of the Mihrab and Minbar. The Mihrab is an indented fenced area or enclosure that demonstrates the bearing of Mecca and the course which the Muslims face to perform their Salat (petitions to Allah). The spot from where the cleric delivers his speech is known as 'Minbar' and is always situated to the right-hand side of the Mihrab and comprises of three steps that reaches a level platform.
Furthermore, there is a small stone encased space of 19 ft by 6.5 ft, which had served as a brief grave where the remaining parts of Mumtaz Mahal were kept for quite a while when they were first carried to Agra, until they, at last, found an everlasting site of rest inside the delightful mausoleum (The Taj Mahal) constructed in her precious memory. This fenced area is situated along the western edge wall that also houses the well of the mosque.
Likewise, the exteriors of the mosque, sepulcher and cenotaphs convey pietra dura beautification of a fantastic unexcelled style. The name of Allah and verses from the Holy Quran has been utilized bountifully everywhere, throughout the mosque. Furthermore, the pool before the mosque capacitates as the spot for bathing before the supplication to God. As Percy Brown, the prominent craftsmanship student of history sees the Taj, he says, "it looks like the vivacious spirited sweep as opposed to the slow painstaking cutting of a pattern."